Speaking. Environment. B1

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What methods of environment protection do the icons show?

What do you do to preserve the environment?

What danger does your country pose to the environment?

What eco-friendly initiatives do you know? Has your country introduced any?

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Find synonyms by clicking on the first synonym and then on the another.
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combat
severe
serious
at stake
extinct
fight
destroy
pollute
damage
impact
affect
in danger
die
contaminate
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"Our climate is changing quickly, too quickly. And great creativity is needed to do what it does so well: to provoke us to think differently with dramatic creative statements. To tempt us to act differently with delightful creative scraps."

"Most of people can’t think about lives of their offsprings and we have no real salvations to make them take care about environment today. Alternative sources of energy won’t help us to stop global warming."

Do you agree with this statements? Explain your position.

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Choose the best variant.
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The earth's climate is changing and the world is becoming

atmosphere
human
fossil fuels
warmer
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Climate change is mainly caused byactivities.

carbon dioxide
human
flooods and drought
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Petrol, oil and coal are called

fossil fuels
greenhouse gases
methane
gas
benzines
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One of the main greenhouse gases is

methane
carbon dioxide
fossil fuel
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Greenhouse gases trap heat from the sun in the earth's

waters
atmosphere
surface
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The international agreement on climate change is called the

Washington Protocol
Gibraltar Protocol
Kyoto Protocol
Unated Nation
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Game: «Critics and believers»

Use compact fluorescent light bulbs:

It is true that these bulbs are more expensive, but they last much longer and they can save energy and in the long run your electricity bill would be reduced.

Turn off your devices:

When you do not use a house device, turn it off. For example, if you don't watch TV, turn it off. Turn off the light when you leave a room (even if you intend to return.) It's an easy habit to take up which will help you save a lot of money.

Walk or cycle:

Driving is one of the biggest causes of pollution. If you want to use your car, ask yourself the following question: do I really need my car? Walk or use your bike if the journey is a short one.

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Discussion questions:

How can the artificial intelligence help our environment?

Would you eat artificial food?

Must we pay additional taxes to save nature?

What does the government do for it?

Is the nuclear catastrophe close? Describe this imaginary world. 

Some people compare the humanity with a virus. Do you agree? Explain your thoughts.

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Useful words for this topic:

acid rain

rain which contains large amounts of harmful chemicals as a result of burning substances such as coal and oil.

biodegradable

able to decay naturally and harmlessly.

Biodegradable packaging helps to limit the amount of harmful chemicals released into the atmosphere.

biodiversity

the number and variety of plant and animal species that exist in a particular environmental area or in the world generally, or the problem of preserving and protecting this.

a new National Biological Survey to protect species habitat and biodiversity.

carbon monoxide

the poisonous gas formed by the burning of carbon, especially in the form of car fuel.

carbon dioxide

the gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out.

climate

the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place.

The Mediterranean climate is good for growing citrus fruits and grapes.

climate change

there has been a growing concern about climate change.

deforestation

the cutting down of trees in a large area; the destruction of forests by people.

Deforestation is destroying large areas of tropical rain forest.

desertification

the process by which land changes into desert.

disposable products

describes an item that is intended to be thrown away after use.

disposable nappies

drought

a long period when there is little or no rain.

This year (a) severe drought has ruined the crops.

earthquake

a sudden violent movement of the Earth's surface, sometimes causing great damage.

endangered species

endangered birds/plants/species animals or plants which may soon not exist because there are very few now alive.

energy

the power from something such as electricity or oil, which can do work, such as providing light and heat. There are different types of energy: solar, nuclear, hydroelectric...

The energy generated by the windmill drives all the drainage pumps.

energy conservation

the process of conserving energy

environment

the air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live.

Certain chemicals have been banned because of their damaging effect on the environment.

extinction

Many species of plants and animals are in danger of/threatened with extinction (= being destroyed so that they no longer exist)

flood

a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry.

fumes

strong, unpleasant and sometimes dangerous gas or smoke.

Petrol fumes always make me feel ill.

natural resources

things such as minerals, forests, coal, etc. which exist in a place and can be used by people.

Some natural resources, such as natural gas and fossil fuel, cannot be replaced.

global warming

a gradual increase in world temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space.

greenhouse effect

an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere which is believed to be the cause of a gradual warming of the surface of the Earth.

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Speaking. Environment. B1
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